How the CIA Bought Orwell’s Farm

In a piece about George Orwell, “Honest, Decent, Wrong: The Invention of George Orwell,” In the New Yorker (January 27, 2003), critic-at-large Louis Menand wrote,

Frances Stonor Saunders, in her fascinating study “The Cultural Cold War,” reports that right after Orwell’s death the C.I.A. (Howard Hunt was the agent on the case) secretly bought the film rights to “Animal Farm” from his widow, Sonia, and had an animated-film version produced in England, which it distributed throughout the world. The book’s final scene, in which the pigs (the Bolsheviks, in Orwell’s allegory) can no longer be distinguished from the animals’ previous exploiters, the humans (the capitalists), was omitted. A new ending was provided, in which the animals storm the farmhouse where the pigs have moved and liberate themselves all over again. The great enemy of propaganda was subjected, after his death, to the deceptions and evasions of propaganda—and by the very people, American Cold Warriors, who would canonize him as the great enemy of propaganda
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